Timber Terminology

Because the terminology in Timber can be overwhealming, here we have a list of the most used terms in the industry:

Air Dried:

Timber has been dried naturally by the air usually under cover to a moisture content of 15% to 20%

Architrave:

A moulding used to surround an opening to cover the gap between joinery and the adjoining work.

Balustrade:

A railing; A series of rails or columns  joined by a top rail.  

Baltic (Pine):

Term applied generally to timber from the Baltic States. 

Band Saw:

An endless ribbon saw rotating around two pulley wheels used for curved work in joinery and cabinet making.  

Batten:

A long thin piece of rectangular shaped material used to support roof tiles or cover joints between paneling. 

Beam:

Structural timber which is supported at 2 or 4 points. 

Bearer:

A length of timber placed across piers or a series of stringers.

Bevel:

In carpentry a slope from the horizontal or vertical angle.

Blemish:

A marring in the appearance of timber that is not serious enough to be classed as a defect.

Bond:

Adhesion.

Borer:

A wood boring insect at the beetle or lava stage which burrows into the wood or between bark and wood.

Callus:

A condition that develops after a tree has been injured which cover the wound.

Chamferboard:

A type of long thin weatherboards which overlap one another horizontally on an outside wall.